Coosa River - Gold and Silver Survey - Weekly Advertiser - 24 Mar 1887
THE MONTGOMERY WEEKLY ADVERTISER, THtJtiSDAY, MARCH 24, 1887. 5 A PHYSICAL SURVEY ASD GEOLOGICAL OUTLINE OF AN AREA SIX MILES WIDE, On Each Side of the Coosa River, From Wetumpka to Greensport The Coosa Must be Made - Nav igable. The following to th paper prepared by H. G. McCall, Esq., to be read before the Coosa Elver Convention recently in session in tuts In exploring the country along the Coosa TlVer 101 IHlUeittlB, ttUU 1U DUITVIUH ' Vwwu of the same for the purpose of ascertaining the relative allituaes or aiuerenr. puuns, m Hor t nt.ili the water oower afforded by thenumerons cascades and water falls that contribntesoricniyto ns sueuiu huhwih, and at the same time constitute such formidable formidable barriers to Its navigation, the writer very naturally acquired a fund of Inlormation per taining U) IIS geogriipmrau, uin8iim,i ouu physical characteristics which he trusts will be useful In accomplishing the alms of this .convention. ..... , . , , . Thn annroxlmate statistics herein furnished and the scope of the arguments adduced to Justify the expenditure of sufficient money to .render this stream navigable, to limited to the resources and products to be transported to -the -the very constricted area ni six miles on eacn side of said river. Owing to the rugged topography topography of the Coosa valley, and especially that part immediately adjacent to the river, and ihe excessive cost of constructing parallel Tailroads, the necessity of it as an important If .not indispensible factor in the transportation transportation problem of this particular section, limited sltis, caaba'dly admit of argument For While lateral branches of trunk lines may find along the streams emptying into the Coosa, rentes presenting only moderate engineering difficulties, and afford transportation facilities to a partial extent, no one familiar with the Coosa hills towering two or three hundred feet above the river, and trending In every direction, will hardly assert that a railroad jiaralleling the river within the limits above referred to, will ever be built, unless the eor-noratlon eor-noratlon eor-noratlon undertaking the same should possess fabulous riches, and a very small amount of good judgment It is confidently believed tbat ven within t!ie narrow confines of the section above mentioned, the vast and virgin tracts of ? allow pine and other woods together with he wonderful deposits of valuable minerals, hereafter more fully described, will afford commodities fo transportation, the freights oa which would be amply sufficient to authorize authorize such an appropriation as would make the Coosa navigable throughout It may be assumed that withi six. miles on both sides of that part of the Coosa river, now nnnavigable, say for a distance of 109 miles, embracing more than half a million million acres of land, one half of which is covered covered with virgin forests of yel ow pine timber, timber, avaraging 5,000 feet of lumber per acre. Comparing the production of pine iumber on the South & North Ballroad from Calera to Montgomery (about halt the distance traversed traversed by the Coosa) and it is altogether probable probable that 50,000,000 feet of pine lumber will be annually Bhipped to Mobile where foreign buyers even now purchase at remunerative figures all of this valuable product for sale at that mart Perhaps as much more will be rafted to the same port in the shape of logs. A few years since adventurous raftsmen invaded invaded these magnificent forests and attempted to float its towering and symmetrical monarchs toMobtle. But gettlog them over the rapids ve attended with so much personal peril and loss of property that the enterprise had to be abandoned, notwithstanding the timber was so desirable and the prices offered., so alluring. alluring. It is hardly necessary to predict that with adequate navigation of the Coosa this industry industry would assume immense proportions. In his report for 1881-2, 1881-2, 1881-2, Dr. E. A. Smith, the eminent geologist of the State of Alabama, rrn to these nine forests as follows: "The country along the Coosa river above Wetumpka, Wetumpka, is one unbroken forest of long leafed yellow yellow pines, that northward from Verbena (in Clinton county) the gray soils prevail and the long leafed yellow pino is always preseut among the trees," that "where the silicious dividing ridge above noticed Is cut by the Coosa nver, high cliffs overlook that stream, and near the southeastern limit of this belt and between Vi'eoguffka and Hatchet creeks, up to the Talladega line, steep high ridges are numerous. most Ol mono umn ww wincu ariih lnmrlflAf. nine forests and are unculti vated, but hold apparantly inexhaustible deposits deposits of iron ore, which may some day be utilized," and of Shelby county. "There is, however a prevalence oi gray nous near we river, which support a magnificent growth of lone leaf pine. South and southeast offtol-nmViiono. offtol-nmViiono. offtol-nmViiono. this magnificent growth' reaches great proportions," and "A beltalmg the river from Choccolocco to Talladega creeks is timbered almost exclusively with long leaf yellow pine." ueiereuues 10 otner wiuris equally as reliable, as to the maguificent pine forests along the Coosa might be made. DECIDUOUS FORESTS. The banks of the Coosa atrd the innnmera-Ma innnmera-Ma innnmera-Ma mm and inlets tbat form the drainage .conduits iuto the river are covered with a miscellaneous miscellaneous growth of hardwoods, embracing nearly every variety of oak, ash, elm and 'hickory. There is a large proportion of tho latter, ana tne vbiuh ui iui muuw ir nu imposes imposes requiring toughness and elasticity, and dts comparative scarcity renders iB presencs here a matter of considerable importance. The manufacture ofcharwal has denuded vast areas of land In many places. The ia-creased ia-creased ia-creased production of this commodity and the very large prospective demand for hardwood for the manufacture of woodenware, wagons nd other similar purposes, Increases the ne-ceesity ne-ceesity ne-ceesity of placing these forests untouched -Wilbur, -Wilbur, reacn OI me mecnamo. 1.1113 immense immense nuautities of dak will afiord large sup plies of tan bark, already scarce in many quat- quat- W8. A PHYSICO QKOGBAPHICAt, Examination of the Coosa river shows that from Its source, at the junction of the Etowah and Oostemilla rivers, near Rome, (ia., it Hows in a southwesterly direction along the Coosa valley, a bull thirty or iorty mtles In width east and west, and lying between the metaniorphic area on the east and south, and ithn coal measures on t're wst and north, and extending inasouthwest direction over a hundred hundred miles. The Coosa valley is geologically .a confirmation of the valley of eastern Teuues-eee, Teuues-eee, Teuues-eee, and forms part at a series of valleys ex-"tending ex-"tending ex-"tending from ',lie Susquehanna nearly to the Alabama river. From the Georgia, line to Gadsden It is formed of two parts, the western being 1 large anlicllual, and the eastern of strata repeated by faults. Below Gadsden this anticlinal turnB westward, and Is merged into Jones' valley, and the river deflects to the south, cnttintr diagonally across the rocks ot the eastern limits ot the Coosa valley and a series of folded and faulted strata, generally known as tne Appalachian chain, extending from the ast"ru States through. Pennsylvania nearly to Montgomery, Ala. It is hardly possible tbat there Is a greater "variety of geological aud physical conditions anywhere in the United States within the same distance as that traversed by tbat part of ithe Coma river not now open to navigation. Every geological epoch represented in the Appalachian region of North America 00 cura in the stratified rocks of the Coosa river .country. The strata are usually inclined at 'considerable angles either to the southeast or .northwest, and tire Coosa crossing their outcropping outcropping edges at an oblique angle discloses a irni mvni nti j ...... u.iw. aid nr itered or crystallzed sediments of. Sihrrian, or preceding ages constitute the roclts of this sec tion, tnai are in ineir oasu owisutuenu ana physical cnaracteresucs 01 almost enuiess va-riety. va-riety. va-riety. The alternate Shoala and pools of deep water that characterize the uoosa rs attributable to the different ledges ot rock it crosses In Its sontliern course. The limestones and less co herent silicates yielding to the eroding and disintegrating action ot the w iters, forms the stretches of deep water, whilst the tenacious and almost Indeetructiable quartzites resis ting the assaults of then, an neons enemy form the rapids which prevent the navigation of mis noDie stream. All the formations occurring alone the en tire length of the great Appalachian chain being represented in this section (its southwestern southwestern extremity) the presence of so large a number of valuable minerals is a geological sequence, and the statement that deposits of sola, silver, copper, mica, kaolin, ochre, coal and Iron exist alone the banks ot the Coosa. shonld not tax the credulity ot the intelligent reader, for each of these minerals to now being being profitably mined elsewhere along the App alachian cnain. it is true mat so many userui miner als do not exist elsewhere in bo limited an area as the section along the unnavigable portion of this stream, bnt the statements herein made are susceptible of the fullest proof, and all that the "doubting Thomas" will have to do will be to examine this terri tory and be fully convinced. BUILDING 8T0NB. Near the Denitenliarv at Wetumnka to a le ige of gneiss of a porphyritio character, caused by crystals of pink feldspar imbedded Detween the lamina? 01 mica. Notwithstanding Notwithstanding this rock is coarse grained it is compact, and the pink feldsoar and black mica in juxtaposition renders' it highly valuable for ornamental architecture. The government annually expends large sums in freights on desirable stone for its public buildings here along its own highway it can procure inexhaustible quantities of building stone, interior to none in durability ana beauty. HABBLE. Commenjing at the village of Marble Valley. In Coosa county, and extending north and east, for several miles, around the foot of Rebecca mountain, are beds of marble equal in quality to the Italian. The magnitude of thete deposits, and its exceeding superior quality will justify an extended notice of the same. Lieber, the distinguished scientist and geologist, in speaking of these marbles, says: Jtne geological position 01 this marble, as Tar as we may judge from the position of ths quarries, places it as the marginal band of the limestone where this approaches to metauv orphic rn:ks. The member of this group which rests directly upon the marble is the talcose slate. From this it would seem probable probable that the tnetamorphic action, which contorted the elates to their present position also exercised some influence upon the limestone." limestone." As early as 1886 attention was attracted to the Talladega marbles, and before the era of railroads, large quantities were quarried for market. A block of this marble was sent as Alaba ma's contribution to the Washington monument, monument, and it was rejected by the architects on the ground that there was no such marble in America. A specimen sent to the London crystal palace prior to the war took the pre mium over Italian mam e. Lieber classifies the Talladega marble as follows: 1. Brilliant white with occasional cloud ings like the Italian." "a. White ana Diue, coieny stnpea." "3. Opaque, with talcose matter." "i: Chiefly blue, some white." To these may be added the deposits recently discovered at Dr. George Hill's, of a beautiful pink and black, oriegated with white. There is an exposure of each of these beds of several acres in extent and are fully eiual in quality to those heretofore mentioned. A circle of a radius of one mile, with Dr. Hill's residence as a centre will show the remarkable existence existence ot five different colored marbles. As an evidence of their extent, the waters of a creek nave eroded a deposit 01 it showing pure white marble of forty feet thickness. Professor Tourney says: "lbe remarkable brilliancy f marble No 1 is very peculiar and perhaps unexampled in all stratified marbles. It if quite free from that dead plaster of paris white which is otherwise so common, while delicate blue cloudings relieve the else universal universal white in a ruarruer I have hitherto regarded regarded as a distinguishing beauty ot the stat uary marine irom tne iamea quarries 01 uar-rara." uar-rara." uar-rara." "The average of the analysis of these six deposits will show ninety-eight ninety-eight ninety-eight per cent, of pure ctroonate 01 lime ana is almost entirely free from deleterious constituents." "Large quantities of these marbles were shipped via the Coosa river prior to the late war, ana, illustrative 01 the necessity ana Importance ot this stream as a medium of transportation, are two huge blocks ot beau tiful wht e maroie now lying on its banks at Fort Williams ferry. Flatboats were used in time ot high water for carrying this important important product over the shoals to Wetumpka. These pieces were brought for transportation in this way, but before they could be loaded, the waters subsided and they now remain there, mute but eloquent pleaders for the Government to open up the nver. HOOFING SLATES. From Clear Creek on tne South and North Alabama Railrof.d a series of grayish red slate extends to the Coosa. The area covered by this formation is about three miles in width. The slates ot Buxohatchie creek, which drains the section, are best known. Frofessor Tourney, Tourney, in speaking of the slates of this locality says: "They rise up into a bold bluff on the right bank of the creek. The mass ii inter sected by joints, which are favorable when not too numerous, lhe color is gray ana tne ruck quite fissile. These slates are also well exposed In Camp Branch aud WaxahachieCreek. Mr. Vanderver is now quamiug in this deposit at Clear Creek and an English expert states that it is admirably adapted for roofing purposes. Near the eastern end of Pope's mountain, in Talladega County, there is a layer teuty ieet thick, 01 irregularly bedded curly, knotty. shiniug greenish slates of the Acadian group hydroinica (talcoid) slates. South of this and near the residence of Dr. Ge irge Hill similar veins have been worked and the slates are Hue grained compact aud split easily. MICA AND KAOLIN. Along the Apalachlan formation from North Carolina to its southwestern extremity in Central Alabama are outcroppings of mica. Ibis valuable mineral U carried in strata 01 feldspar aud kaolin its resultant when dis composed. These strata of feldspar cross the Coosa river east of Clanton and immediately on its banks tor several miles north and south are large quantities of the same. With the Coosa open to navigation there is no reason why duplicates of the immense crockery and earlbeu ware factories in New Jersey and Ohio should not be profitably operated on the banks of a navigable Coosa tor all factors in the production of the finer grades of crockery exist here in auumlauce aud can be inanipu lated at the least cost. VKLLOW OCHRK. In Chilton county near the base one of the rocky cliffs that rise abruptly from rivers edge is a promrtiug deposit of yellow ochre. Its inaccessibility by land renders this ochre practically practically valueless, but as it can be loaded direct ly from the mines iuto boats the opening of the Coosa, to navigation ought to develop a highly remunerative industry at this place. THIS OOOSA COAL FIELDS. Until the past few years the study of this coal held has been limned, ana the imonra tron concerning it exceedingly meagre, bui since the completion of railroads across the upper end of it, and the operation of mines along their routes, a fuller understanding of this important coal deposit is obtainable. The coal now being mined to taken irom four feet veins, is superior for grate and unexcelled for cooking purposes. The Confederate eovernment floated coal from this field down the Coosa river to the 8. R. 1). railroad, and demonstrated by continued continued use that it was of the very best quality of coking Coal. Prof. H. E. Colton, a geologist and mining engineer of great experience and ability, who examined tills field for Northern investoie states that the best coking coal in Alabama Ism the coosa coal neia near tne river. It is reported that Major Howell fonnd a nine foot seam in the Coosa coal field, bIbo near the river. In the physical survey of the county along the line of the Georgia Pacific railroad, the authorinaiiwiingtoitieioosa coai neia say "We saw the coai freshly thrown out ot s nit at an opening, and a more beautiful black, eblniig coal one would not desire to see. It is oelumnar in structure, and rather friable lor stocking, but exactly suited lor coking. We observe neither slate nor sulphur. This J seam is maniiesuy one 01 great value." silveb onus. Like the other strata herein mentioned, a ledge of silver-bearing silver-bearing silver-bearing rocks cross the Coosa at an ooiique angle ana not l&r to the west are auriferous rocks. These ores have not yet received the prominence to which they are entitled, nue largely 10 lhe fact that closmy allied with those precious metals are sul-phuretsthat sul-phuretsthat sul-phuretsthat render the separation of them from the gold and silver exceedingly difficult without the aid of costly machinery. Similar ores are now being transported iu the west to Chicago ana reduced by a process recently adopted. The sulphurets eliminated are util ized in the manufacture of fertilizers and for other purposes. Could these ores be fl ?ated down the Ccwa to Montgomery where establishments, costly as they might hs, tor their reduction cou d tie started, the veritable Aladdin's lamp would be found to unlock the untold wealth that lies untouched in the Coosa field. IRON OBE. At numerous places on both sides of the Coosa, from the southern part ot Chilton to the Shelby county line, are kolnted deposits of exceedmgly tine Drown hemltite ores, probably probably drifts from more extended areas or the remnants of a once general deposit tbat escsped the eroding agencies that so largely marked the topography ot this sectkn. Whilst it may be Impracticable to build railroad" to each of these deposits, because of the limited amount therein, but in their aggregate amount and proximity to the river, they will furnish vast quantities of freights for a navigable Coosa. Dr. E. A. Smith. In his report for lH8l-'82, lH8l-'82, lH8l-'82, says of a section of country extending foi several miles along the Coosa as follows: "Most of tho hills are coveieu wlih long leal yellow pine forest, and are uncultivated, but hold apparently inexhaustible deposits of iron ore, which some day may be ntiliz-id." ntiliz-id." ntiliz-id." For several miles along Cedar Creek Valley, from the CooBa, near Talladega Springs towards Syllacauga, are immense deposits of iron ore equal in quality to those at Shelby Iron Works, aud Asniston. Above this at various interval.' are valuable beds of iron ore rntiuiiing to the northern nart of Shelby county, where perhaps the most extensive depoute immediately immediately on the river is found, running uralell with Its course for ten miles and extending into St ( lair county. This bel is noted for its excellence. We are informed that further up the river other desirable ores exiot, of which we have no personal knowledge. Fearing we will trespass too much on thf time of the convention, we submit the foregoing, foregoing, and will feel amply compensated for the labor of producing this article if no further further good is accomplished than in securing a careful examination of this section, feeling assured that a full knowledge of Us wonderful wonderful undeveloped resources will result in making making the Oobsa navigable. Ana we conndentiy assert mat wrtnin ten years after this great work has been accom plished that an lniinstnai enterprise 01 some kind will dot each mile of the now iinniivisa-ble iinniivisa-ble iinniivisa-ble Coosa. H. G. McCall. BULLETIN NO. 3. Experiments in Coru I'laating Ijat Year. Farmers and others can obtain bnlletins f experiments on the experiment farm9 at Au burn and Dniontown by addresdug Col.. J. S. Newman, Auburn, Ala. The laBt bulietin. No. 3, relates to experi ments iu corn planting. Says the bulletin: "In ail experiments thus rar conducted compost compost has pioved most satisfactory in corn pro duction. Unit used ia this extieriment wai, prepared by the following formula: rounds. Cottonseed 750 Stable manure 750 Acid phosphate 500 Making a ton of .". 2,000 Cost per ton f 10.00 In 18X5 a comparison bttween deep and shallow plowing in cultivation showed a dif ference of tour bushels per acre iu ravor 01 the latter. Similar experiments in 1886 showed a difference of three bushels in favur of shallow cullivation. On the cauehrnko experiment station at Uniontown a triple set of experiments are proceeding, one with manures, nith tile drain age and with both combined. CourrneuliriT on the experiments of 18S6, Director Newman says: "The prirrcipal indication oliservable in the foregoing results is the general fact that the principal increase iu production rrsulis from the use of mauures containing uitroen. The effect of the drainage, though not fully manifested in so short a time, asa le x moi.tlis alter the tile was laid, was perceptible throughout the growth ot the plants and Jias appreciably increased the production. The principal effeols 01 the drainage nniiugcron were observable immediately over the t ie arrd a few feet in each direction from it. Here the innnence was very niarki-ri. niarki-ri. niarki-ri. .During the growth of the corn an unusual fljw of water from themain tile Into which theothersempty developed thn fact tiiat the cm roots bad pen etrated the tile at the depth of four feet. I hlf. was shown by the fact that a large quantity of the roots were washed from tho mouth of the tile. Water flowed continuously from tie main tile until .SentemherO. when the outflow ceased until the winter rains cormuiucej. "As evidence of the rapid withdrawal of the surface water by the tile, tveu bo soon after they were laid, the drained land was in con dition to be cultivated two das earlier after a rain man that not drained. "In December in twenty hou's after a fall of one and half inches of rain the water bad entirely disappeared from tho surf ice of the drained land, while on either side on lnd of the same character, similarly situated, the water was still standing in pools upon the surface." PICNSACOLA. A Large SawMillaml $300,000 Worth of Lumber Destroyed. Special to the Advertiser. Pensaoola, March 17. At 12:30 p. m. to-day to-day to-day a fire broke ont in George W. IUbtason's new will at Millview, nine inlle9 from Pensa-cola. Pensa-cola. Pensa-cola. A high wind was blowing at the time and Mr. Rix Robinson immediately telephoned to the city for afire engine, saying 4,000.000 ft nf lnmhr d led in the yard was threat ened. Chief Whitehead, of the Pensasola fire department snt one steamer and one thousaud f ui. nf hniiA Ht once. At ISOfbe fire had communicated with tli.i lumber, and the other 111111 was tnreateneu, a few shanties neyonu me raner being ie : an r. At 2:'Ji) the new mill and 8oOU00 feet ot lumber wero totally destroyed and the nttmr mill was out ot Hanger, the onpina from the city arriving iu time to save only a few shanties in the neirro nnnrters. The burned mill was built about four veats go, and had a cutting capacity of 80,0)0 feet per day, and was valutd at $W),000. . 1 ,e lumber at a minimum approximation approximation was worth $300,0l, making a total low of ;iii;l.O0O. The property was 111- 111- Bi-red Bi-red Bi-red for about two-thirdd two-thirdd two-thirdd its value. Both mills had been working and the men bad knocked off for dinner when the alarm cnmnii1. The fire is said to l ave originated iu sparks from the slab pile. George W. Rob- Rob- i,,mi. tho (turner, is in Mobile where lie re' sides. He has extensive milling interests st Wosspolnt, Miss. It is but a short time since the mill belonging to W. L. Wittich at the same place was burned, and the fire to day leaves hut one mill to furnish the business for the Pensacola fc Penlido railroad, which a few years ago was fed by five mills running night ond day. This ia practically a death blow to both Millview and the rnuroaa. The Dukeot Suth, rland and party, consist-tnir consist-tnir consist-tnir nf Mi s. Blair. Miss Smith ar.d Ur. li rwi, the lattt-s lattt-s lattt-s an American, arrived on the Duke's yacht Lanspeur, this morning irom raiiipa. Chicago Outdone". A rinelnnatl scientist bas discovered that Mauna Loa, the volcano in the Sandwich Islands, throws mud -4,200 -4,200 miles. This beat! lhe Chicago newspapers. Rochester Post-Express. Post-Express. Post-Express. STATE NEWS. Gathered by Mail and From out State Exchanges. "This mlnd-readlng mlnd-readlng mlnd-readlng 0! which I hear It puzzh s me completely." She luuked up at her bashful beau, And eiiid, as she niillt-u niillt-u niillt-u sweetly, "Whs, I cuu read ;our mind wlih ease." "loucau, Indeed? Then do so." "You wish that I would inarrt you, But you're atruld to say so." The Times says there u not a vacant store iu ovinia. A special term of Dale county Circuit Court was neiu last week. Frost reported at Eutledge last Monday. No uainaye uoue to vegeiatiou. Blount county Circuit Court docket has on it a criminal and VI civil cases. A cat fish weighing forty-seven forty-seven forty-seven pounds was recently caught iu the toosa river. ' On Saturday morning last Jack Frost played havoc with the gardens around Auurston. The real estate Bales ot the Anuiston City i.ana uomptuiy, last wei 1, were $iuo,uou. The Warrior Guards, of Tuscaloosa, have purchased a lot and propo.e building a $5,000 armory. The Cross Plains PoBt says there Is lead to be founti almost within the corporate limits of the town. A Mr. McLendoni E;q , has been appointed assistant Solicitor for xiarbour county, by Solicitor Lee. The JCgti leans that a bo"m In the timber 'and interest of St tiair county, and that par ties ate iu the lleid buying. A. B. Thompson was a imitted to practice law at Columbia during the recent Uim of the Circuit Couit for Henry county. A slight snow fell in Anniston last Friday morning, that made nve distinct snow falls in Aiuhauia during the winter season ut lbSo-7. lbSo-7. lbSo-7. The new fish law prohibits the catching of ftjh iu Alabama iu any mauner whatever ex cept wim baskets, hook aud Hue aud trout lines. The body ot a dead mulatto was found cn the railroad track near Pike road 011 lust Friday, Friday, xlo hud fallen elf the, liaiu aud been killed. Major T. H. Frazer, of Auburn, has been chosen to deliver the salutatory at the commencement commencement ot the Alabama Medical College in Mobile. Prof. Biird says fish may live to be ISO years old. The stick to water and may live l'uitrver if Hit j( are ml hooked, or uo not go out ou the tly. Uev. ai. 11. Wharton, I). D..bas been elected to pieacn the commencement sermon before the Aaabama Central temale College, at luska- luska- luuSttJuneo. . Severs! otfura to buy the old man out have been made, but he refutes to sell. Brown is old aud pour and has made his living by haul- haul- ug wulu to lauauega. At Cedar Springs. Cherokee county, recently. W. A. uitdwou ute his breakfast as m-ual, m-ual, m-ual, no ii. a laid down on bis bed and soon died. iipt,o!t d to he heart disease. There was a slight frost all over Middle and Nurth Alabama last Friday morning. - The reports are that little or 110 tUinaye was done to fiuii and early vegetables. Mrs. J.hu Williams, near Oaky Streak, But ler ccuuiy, was subject to fits, and being taken with ut!, lell into the file uud was so bidry burned she died f'orn its effects. The Calera Sentinel says Frank Anderson. who wauled to change the name of Calera to Nottingham, is now in durance vile tor ob taining inouey uuder raise pretences. The Clayton Courier ears: It Is rumored in town that Miss Lena, uuiighterof Mr. Juuu f. Britt, has fallen heir to a large fortune by tne death of an uncle ot her mother. Work has boguu on the street rallwavat Huutsviile, and with the expectation' of a railw.-.y railw.-.y railw.-.y feuinectiou with the Magic City, she feels that she will soon take a genuine boom. Mrs. Sonhronia Brown died at her home at Leiohatchi -', -', ou Tuesday last, after a long and painful illness. She was a most estimable lad.v, aud her death is a source ot grief to the community. ' There will be no trial of the criminal docket of the United States court at Huutsviile this term, for lhe same reason there will he none at Birmingham want ot funds to pay wit nesses. Proldbition was beaten in the election held in Jackson comity. The scotteboro Herald thinks the Prohibitionists icted imprudeutly in bringing the question before the people at tiereut At the late meeting of the executive com-unite com-unite com-unite of the Alumni sorbtv of the University of Alabama, f apt A. V. Lee was unanimously elected to deliver the Alumni Oration on the u-veniug u-veniug u-veniug of Tuesday, June 21, l8i. Only about thirty-five thirty-five thirty-five miles of 'he Queen & Orescent route remains t be laid with steel rails, which when done, will make the entire linea steel ralr route. The triuruen hail the new condition of things with the utmost sat- sat- isiaction. The Scottsboro Herald declares there is no "boom" ator near that town, audnoproba-oilitv audnoproba-oilitv audnoproba-oilitv ot there being one for some time to come, and that is thn reason, it savs, people should come here at once and locate before a boom strikes the pi tee. The Iiutledge Enterprise says: Near Leon, Crenshaw comity, Mr. W. 3. Merrill took from nine set hooks in the creek, seven catfish, two ears and one swamp owl. The owl herngou oneot the hooks wiih a ca'.fMi. That beats any fishing done up here this season. Mr. It. 12. Skagg". f AnnUtm, reports that a valuable coal vein has ben discovered near Talladega.. It Is found on Uie land of a man named Brown who lives northeast of the town. But little excavation has been done yet hut the vein has been found to be a'loiit eigkt feet thick but the width w is not tested. The Evergreen Starves that Professor Bas-sett Bas-sett Bas-sett made a discovery of a substance which be prououncedto be genuine red arrd yellow oobre. He says he is familiar with the sub--ranee, sub--ranee, sub--ranee, sub--ranee, aud It is certainly what he represenls it to be. It was found in the incorporate limits of Eveigrt-en, Eveigrt-en, Eveigrt-en, but the locality he refuses refuses to divulge. , A serious difficulty occurred on Pea river, in Harbour county, between a Mr. Myers and a Mr. Taylor. , They had a dispute in the field when Taylor undertook to g-t g-t g-t a sinj;I;tree W'lb which to strike Myers, but ilyris being somewhat quicker than Taylor uiauaged to get li-bl li-bl li-bl of the clevis with which he struck Taylor inllictiug a very serious wound and probably a mortal one, as we understand that l)r. Keynolds, bis attending physician, says ihxt he cannot live. It may prove to be another murder case iu our county. The cotton facbiry at Anniston employs ?,20 op-iatives op-iatives op-iatives in the various departments of the factory. The pay roll for one week amounts to $i. BOO, which money is very largely speut weekly inside of Anniston. The amount of cloth tamed out each day is 15,000 yards, which would cover In lenglh over eight miles of ground. The mills nre uo,w n. lining on full time, and are doing a fine business. In oi erat iou some six years, these mills have only lien shut down erx months, which speaks well, when we view the fact that nearly a'.l the co'tn mills in the United States have been forced frequently to close their doors. Anniston Anniston during this season has received 15,000 and Oxford 7,11I lwles ot e-ttou. e-ttou. e-ttou. The Decatur Neics ays: While digging a trench at the Chemical t harcoal furnaees last Wednesday, the workman's pick struck a hard substance. u further examination it proved to be a metallic collio, which was taken up and reinterred iir fhe city cemetery. Mr. Calvin Brown, the undertaker, remembers It m the case in whi-'h whi-'h whi-'h the body ot Jose phus Hall was buried in 1S.17. . He was a Boyal Arch Mason, died in St. Louis, Mo., and bis remains were sent here by the fiaternitv nd Interred with Masonic loiors, Mr. Brown b ii'g the undertaker at the time. The body was laid swsy In the family burying ground near Mr. Hidl's residence, but the place has Ion j euice been unknown as ihj 'ciiy of the dean," ana ror many years lias been cultivated in corn and cotton. SHE TURNED THE TABLES. A Woman Arrested For Beating Her Husband A Keruarkable Cose. "If you will go down to the station you will find something rich, rare and racy," said Chief Gerald to an Advebttseb reporter last night "There's a remarkable" ease on the docket," he continued. "The police arrested a woman to-day to-day to-day for beating her husband, and that's something new under the sun. We have lots ot cases where men were arrested for beating their wives, but there was never a case like this on the police records of Montgomery. Montgomery. In this instance the tables are turned completely." The reporter took the pointer and accordingly accordingly dropped in at the police station to learn something further about the remarkable case. The woman who was arrested is Jean-ette Jean-ette Jean-ette Farriss, colored. The warrant was sworn out by her husband, George Farrla,who it seems is the weaker vessel of the two. In bis affidavit George deposes and says that Jeanette "did assault and beat him on the head with a china pitcher." The warrant was promptly executed and the uproarious and unrivalled Jeanette spent last uigut In the lockup. The remarkable case will come up tor trial in the Recorder's Court this morning. Board of lie venue. From Pally of tbe !!2nd The county Board of Revenue mat in regular regular session yesterday. Br. B. E. McGhee, of Pike Road, made a report report of the inquest held over the body of the negro boy, who was found dead on the rail road track near that place on Friday last. Dr. Mc'ihee, as Justice of the peace and acting coroner, summoned a Jury and held an inquest inquest The Jury rendered a verdict to the ef- ef- rect that according to the best information tbe body was that of Wesley Cunningham, of Montgomery, and natural inference is that he was stealing a ride, when he fell off tbe train and was rnn over and killed. Tbe Board ordered the clerk to issue notices to the different road superintendents in the county instructing them to notify the over seers that hereafter tbe Board will adhere strictly to the law concerning causeways, which requires that the timbers shall be covered covered to at least a depth of four inches in all parts. City Court. From Sally of the 22nd. Tbe city court met at the usual hour yester day morning. Juries for tbe week were or ganized and empanelled, and regular workjon the criminal docket was resumed. During the day the following cases were disposed of: in the case 01 the state vs. f nnce washing- washing- ton, Henry tLUL, Richard William and Altrei Hall, charged with arson in the second de gree; Jury and verdict of guilty. This case has attracted considerable attention, the trial hav ing consumed nearly a week. The prisonera were remanded to jail te await sentence. The state vs. William Brown, charged with grand larceny; Jury and verdict guilty. lhe Mate vs. AnPntas tiirmout, charged with carrying a concealed pistol; defendant pleaded guilty and the fine was assessed by tbe jurvat ffoO. The case of the State vs. Jack Lewis, w s tried yesterd w afternoon and submitted to the jury last night The defendant is charged with vagrancy. several cases wer nol pressed, ana auile a number were continued by the defendants. Executive Appointments. From Sally of the 22nd. Tbe following appointments were made by the Governor yesterday: Trustees Alabama Iustltute for tire Dsaf , H C Tompkius, of Montgomery, and T. F. Bush of MobUe. Board of Control Agricultural Experiment Station, W. N. Booker, of Uniontown and Jacob Hoggins, of Newberne. Physician to the Convicts, Dr. R. A. Jones, of Morengo. Examiner of Public Accounts, James A. Reeves, of 1 heroke. I. N. Trenkel, Notary Publif, Mobile. Jas. Patch, Constable, Mobile. J. B. Weakley, Jr., Notary Public, Florence. James Webb Carson. Notary Public. Tuska- Tuska- loosa. Isaac N. Trenkel, Notary Public, Mobile. Paul Hoffman. Notary Public and Justice of the Peace, Waverly, Lee county. Honest, b SUer astful. A Sunday school tes began this Ques tioning at tbe end of t J old year with the query: "Are you better ,thau you were last year'i"' a gooa many or the nttis ieuows naa replied, replied, "Xes, sir;" but a croupy boy on the aactt seat naa the courage ot his convictious. "1 hain't no better nor I ever wuz," he said; "but" he added, by way of softening the harsh statement, "I got '0 sorest front ot anybody anybody iu this class I I I most got dip-feria." dip-feria." dip-feria." His Inflamed larynx might not have been a means of grace, but his honesty certainly was. Youth's Companion. AVill Pretis the Suit. Some time ago the County Board of Revenue entered suit against Mr. W. D. McCurdy, of Lowndes, who has the contract for the hire of the county convicts, to recover about $8,000. Sulweqtiently the suit was stopped in the hope that the matter corrld be settled without further further litigation. Mr. McCurdy attended the ineetiugof the.Bnard last week, bnt uo satisfactory satisfactory arrangement was made and the Board has instructed tbe attorneys for the county to press the suit. Card from Sergeant Dunne. ' Signal Office, Montgomery, I March 20, 1887. j Owing to the deficiency in the appropria tions for the purpose, the Chief Signal Officer directs it to be anuounced that the system of cotton region observations and reports will nut begin this year uut il May 1. L. Dunnf, Sergeant Signal Corps, V. S. A. Snow at Blount. Passengers on the south-bound south-bound south-bound train from the North last night reported snow at Blount Spriugs yesterday morning. This Ib Alabama's sixth snow for the season. Farewell, peaches "Farewell, farewell, 'Tis a lonely sound And always brings a tear." Will Liopate at Montgomery. Cincinnati, O., March 11, 1887. Editor Manufacturers' Eecora: We have decided to locate our mills and factory at Montgomery, Ala. Our capital will 1 S200.000. with a capacity of 10 tons of horse shoes iter daj ; also will manufacture merchant bar iron. Coleman & Beynolds. The Gunter Case. The application for bail on a writ of habeas corpvt in the case ot the State vs. Harris Gunter, was submitted in the City Court on briefs yesterday. Judge Arringtoa's decision in the ease wiu be given in a low days. Tbe Calera Furnace, The directors of the Calera Alcohol and Furnace company met here yesterday and decided to increase the capital stock from $150,000 to $250,000. Tbe OU Mills. , An Atlanta man has received a letter from Phil Armour sayiug lie will be there in two weeks to select a Bite for the oil mill to be erected by the new syndicate. This would indicate that the scheme is not yet defunct BREVITIES. As the bee from the roses The sweet nectar sips, So lovers have alwayt Sought kisses fr in Hps. But down In New Jersey They have a new thing; There they kiss each other ' By means of a string. Ah! the sweetness of courtship Is over, we know. When the kisses of lovers By telephone go. They do not say "stomach ache" in Boston. "Gastric neuralgia" is the t roner word, but It gets uiere nil uie same. There are dramatic companies that can struggle along and make a living by "Nip and Tuck," but "Success" kiUs them. The rods and tbe reeds of an amateur fish erman have nothing to do with the distance the travels or the contents of bis flask. Don't be afraid of being called aoie Ides man or a craak. It you have one idea, yon have more than most men have. It takes- takes- smart man to be a crank. An authority explains that In speaking of a. woman's di esses it is proper to say "gowns" if the woman Is rich, and "frocks" if she h poor. This is "English, you know," and, ef course, in society circles at the North it will be duly heeded. Two negro prisoners in the county Jail bad a go-as-you-please go-as-you-please go-as-you-please go-as-you-please go-as-you-please go-as-you-please go-as-you-please fight Thursday. During; the melee one snatched out a piece nf the water water pipe to strike the other with. Neither of the negroes received any serious injury, and" the damage done to the jail was repaired yesterday yesterday evening. What a lolly time the Sultan of Morocco" nould have on Sundays in the cities of thw United States! He could find unlimited mar terial for flogging purposes among the dudes who smoke orgarettes about the church, doors. A prominent Baltlmorean said a day or two ago : " lake the nainnore ana unto rauroaa m ri .1.1 I I, 1. 1 1. : I . l away irom DaiuiLiure auu ib hiui mruiiuK bHt terrapin, wuisfcy and pretty women." 100 true, too true. Having made a failure of her Irish policy. England should now let the Irish manage their own attairs lor awrrue. iney seem to understand pretty well what they want Philadelphia proposes to have the finest hotel in the country. The site lias been selected selected and the money is being subscribed. Tbe amount wanted is $1,500,000. Thursday, the 17th. was observed in the large cities by all the Irish societies as St Patrick's day. It is said that Mrs. Cleveland bas looked no her school books and is spending a few hours every day during Lent improving her mind. . She will had study 01 bchooi hooks more pre-Itahle pre-Itahle pre-Itahle than study of designs for spring dresses. An exchange, describing the singing and voice of a minstrel tenor, s ays: " 'His Angel Mother's Hair' was roundly applauded. ' This will have a tendency to make his angel mother vain 01 her hair. Tid-Bits: Tid-Bits: Tid-Bits: "When the youth of the period ia at his desk in tbe store an honr seems about ninety minutes in length, but when he is at his e irl's house in the evening its duration does not seem more than fifteen minutes. There was a destructive cnflaarration at Rockhill, South Carolina, Friday night The postoflice, first national bauk, savings hank, stores of W. L. Roddy & Co., M. Johnson &. Co., Frew Bro's & Co., Felvell & Watson, W. G. Reid & Co., Heath & Co., and about ten small shops burned. The probable loss is one hundred arid forty thousand dollars. The insurance is from ninety to one hundred thousand dollars. Texas Friday. It originated in the Sealy building. The greater portion of two solid blocks was destroyed asd, owing to the scarcity of water and the charac ter 01 the buildings the nre lasted nut about two hours. The loss is between $60,000 audi $70,000. Insurance $10,000. The Chattanooga Time annonaces the B. 0. Express Company have acquired tbe express franchises on tbe E. T., V. & G. railroad, and will take charge in thirty days. The police have become alarmed at St Petersburg. They have been informed that numerous wide spread bands of NlhiilBts are ready for immediate action. It is proposed to erect a library, to be called the Beecher Free Library, in Brooklyn, in honor or Henry ward Beecher. The weekly report of the Commissioner ot Pensions shows that during the week ending Marct ' 1 libera were received at his office ,S55 appations for pensions, 2,154 cases were o..''iped of during the week, leaving total of 2v0j286 cases pending. Tbe feature of the observance of St PatH rick's day in England was tbe appearance ef many ungiisnmen wearing euamrocus. It is semi-officiaUy semi-officiaUy semi-officiaUy stated that forty-seven forty-seven forty-seven persons, mostly students, have been arrested for connection with the recently discovered plot to assassinate the czar. One 01 Uie pris oners is a woman. A Tampa special says a cyclone swept through that town last Thursday, destroying several houses. Two children were killed. one woman was fatally injured and several persons were seriously hurt. The pecuniar; loss is about $10,000. Dr. L G. Ford, having been pardoned by the governor ol Louisiana, has Been released from the parish prison. Mrs. L. C. Drew and her child were killed : by a locomotive while walking on the railroad track near Gainesville, I la. Six Tiers uis are known to have lost their lives by fire at the Richmond Hotel in Buffalo; twenty-one twenty-one twenty-one injured and five missing. The Florida colored state fair closed Saturday. It was a great Buccess aud will become an an nual institution. Thousands 01 northern; tourists visited the grounds and were dtiight-ed dtiight-ed dtiight-ed with the exhibits and exercises. News bas been received at Douglas, Wyoming, Wyoming, of the robbing of United States paymaster paymaster N. D. Rush of $7,500 at Antelope Springs. Major Rush was en route to Fort McKinuey to pay off the troops there. The. thief is known to be a cowboy named Charles Parker who has been until recently on a ranch on Cheyenne river. A Joint resolution has been Introduced In the House of Delegates of Virginia providing; tint a bill shall be introduced calling a constitutional constitutional convention to consider the debt, question. question. The amendment proposed would prohibit prohibit the State makmg payment ot any part of the debt which shall not have been funded, nnder the Riddle berger act A special from Sandusky, Ohio, says: Mary Porter, motker of the illegitimate child that was murdered here in December last by Jerry Fabey, ot Beres, who threw the babe in a bag, is a raving maniac. She began to break down, both mentally and physically, while the trial ol Fahey was in progress, and the day he was sentenced to tho penitentiary for life she became became violently insane. Mr. T. H. Armstrong, of the office of Register of the Treasury, has received a letter from Capt C J. Searle, commanding 'be volunteer Southrons appointing birn asacting Adjutant for that organization during the May drilL Capt. Searle emphatically denies the truth of tire widely circuUted report that his company bad invited Jefferson Davis and Miss Davis, or either of them to be their guests on the occasion occasion referred to. TV anted a Gentle SwcIL Oneot the old time merchants of northers Michigan, doing business In a country twn found himself on a recent occasion possessed of a hogshead of prunes, while not another store in four counties had a single pound. In this emergency lie called up his head clerk and said: "Thomas, I don't want to take advantage of the people and raise the price of prnnes, bnt it strikes me that some one ought to ponr at least two pails of water Into that hogshead and give us tbe advantage of a gentle swell. Wail Street News.